Oral Implants and Dental Implants Information
What is a Dental Implant?
A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that can replace a missing tooth or teeth. Just like a real tooth, an implant will function as a real tooth would and looks just as real and almost all dental implants are placed within the bone. Implants are not only used for tooth replacement but are also used to support dental prostheses.
The History of Dental Implants
Implants have been recorded to date back to the age of the Mayans. Discovered in 1931 in Honduras archaeologists found a fragment of mandible of Mayan origin, dating from around 600 AD. This mandible had three tooth-shaped pieces of shell placed into the sockets of three missing teeth. In 1952, the Swedish orthopedic surgeon, Per-Ingvar Brånemark, discovered that bone can be grown into such close proximity with titanium that they effectively become adhered to each other. At the same time, independent research in the United States by Stevens and Alexander led to a 1969 US patent filing for titanium oral implants. This was the beginning to implants as we know them today. In 1978, Brånemark entered into a commercial partnership for the development and marketing of his dental implants.This led to the development of the company Nobel Biocare which was founded in 1981. It’s goal was to further the development of dental implants. To the present day over 7 million Brånemark System implants have now been placed in patients worldwide.
Dental Implants: The Procedure
A dental implant is a prosthetic artificial tooth that is inserted into your mouth and held in place by screws. Implants can improve your mental and physical health by boosting confidence, encouraging frequent smiling, and have complete control of your mouths functionality. Implants require a preparation into the bone using precision drills to properly and safely work on your teeth. After your bone accepts the implant, a tooth or group of teeth can be installed. The amount of time the placement of an implant may take depends on the severity and difficulty of your situation.
The Pros and Cons of Dental Implants
- Look natural
- Are inserted into the jawbone to provide maximum stability and durability
- Comfortable as they fit precisely into the space of the missing tooth
- Are capable of lasting a lifetime
- Functions just as a normal tooth does
- Requires healing time
- Causes pain and discomfort
- Requires multiple visits for to the doctor for evaluations and prepping for surgery
Recent Dental Implant Developments
The use of Zirconium dioxide, also known as zirconium, is a leading development in the manufacturing of dental implants as it has a more bright tooth-like color-more natural looking than titanium implants. While this is a work in progress, long-term clinical data is necessary before one-piece of zirconia dental implants can be recommended for daily practice.
What to expect in the recovery after an implant procedure
Every patient heals differently therefore the healing rate will vary. If an implant is placed into its root too early the implant may move which will result in an unsuccessful installation. Knowing the unsuccessful outcome is a possibility, it is best to be patient and not rush the process. The healing period can take up to six months, but pain and discomfort will subside within the first few days.
Problems with Dental Implants
After an implant procedure there is a possibility of the following potential issues:
- Peri-implantitis – It is caused by microbial infection of implant site. Symptoms include swelling and inflammation of the tissues surrounding the dental implants. In severe cases, Peri-Implantitis may lead to severe and permanent damage of the jawbone.
- You may feel discomfort in your surrounding teeth. This will subside in a few days.
- The dental implant may reject your bone and can break and although it is unlikely it should be immediately tended to.
- Nerve damage at the dental implant site can occur if the implant is shifted or moved. If this should happen you must contact us immediately so we can either fix the problem or remove and replace the implant to avoid further damage.
- You can develop a sinus infection if the implants in your upper jaw become infected. This is cured with simple antibiotics.
Upon the visit before the implants are inserted we will be sure to explain the whole process to you, we will answer any questions and make sure you are comfortable with the steps we perform to achieve a successful implantation. With us here at Purchase Street Family Dental in Rye, New York, you have nothing to worry about!