Adderall is prohibited in many countries due to its powerful action on the brain and possible addiction. Still, the drug has certain beneficial effects, so it is used in clinical practice.
Adderall is a mixture of amphetamine salts that has a very powerful effect on the human brain. That is the reason why many countries have prohibited its utilization and do not even register the medicine.
However, it is useful for the treatment of attention disorder and narcolepsy and is quite effective.
At the same time, this medicine can be misusedasa weight loss or doping agent, aphrodisiac or potent stimulator of mental activity. Let’s unveil more of its unusual features and learn how it influences the body.
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Mechanism of action and main indication for usage
The main indications for Adderall prescription areattention hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy (excessive sleepiness during the daytime that hinders normal life).
To treat these conditions, it is utilized as capsules or tablets of 0.005; 0.01; 0.0125; 0.015; 0.02; 0.025 and 0.03 g. Such indications are common in the USA, Great Britain and Canada.
Chemically Adderall contains two isomers of amphetamine, which is a derivative of phenylethylamine. It acts through two mechanisms:
- rise of the secretion of such neurotransmitters as adrenaline and norepinephrine;
- blockage of the activity of monoamine oxidase – the enzyme that ruins these neurotransmitters.
As a result of this action, the central nervous system gets easily excited, which increases vigor, mental and physical performance and even improves the mood.
After the intake of Adderall, a person may experience euphoria, depersonalization and hallucinations.
Sometimes it leads to panic attacks and even to a decrease in memory and working capacity. Such an action depends on the quantity that was taken and the duration of the treatment.
Therefore, the utilization of this medicine must be strictly controlled and it is prohibited to use it without a consultation with a healthcare provider and prescription.
Adverse effects and contradictions
It’s worth mentioning that various adverse effects are quite common for this medicine. The worst among them is the development of physical and psychological addiction after a prolonged intake.
As for the more common side effects, they include:
- different allergic reactions, starting from a skin rash and ending with swelling of the lips, tongue and laryngospasm;
- digestive system disorders, including dry mouth, unpleasant sensations in the mouth, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, constipation or diarrhea;
- nervous system issues, such as restlessness, nervousness, tremors, headaches, excitement, dizziness and insomnia;
- decrease in libido or impotence in men;
- weight loss;
Large doses lead to euphoria, depersonalization, hallucinations, panic attacks and fear of death. In the case of an overdose, a patient experiences arrhythmia, the sharprise of arterial pressure, fever, severeheadache, visual impairment, confusion and changes in behavior. A very significant overdose may lead to coma and even death.
That is why the intake and doses must be strictly controlled by the specialist. If any side effects appear, it is necessary to stop the intake and consult a doctor.
As for the contraindications, they include allergic reactions to the medicine and its components, nervous system disorders and cardiovascular diseases.
The medicine can be utilized for children in a smaller dose but it is prohibited during pregnancy and breastfeeding period. As for elderly patients,it also requires accuracy and a small dosage.
Non-medical utilization and subsequent problems
This medicine possesses areally powerful effect on the brain and its functioning. When it was available as an OTC remedy, it was utilized for the following purposes:
- to improve the memory and mental abilities by students in schools, colleges and universities;
- for weight loss by women as it reduces appetite and food intake;
- to improve the mental abilities and reaction speed by athletes;
- to improve mental abilities and mood by media personalities.
Altogether, the popularity of the medicine occurred due to its ability to make one feel smart, quick and always in a good mood. No wonder, that so many people tried it and were fascinated by these effects.
However, constant utilization of this drug and the absence of control lead to the formation of addiction. This consequence is quite hard and may ruin one’s life.
That was the reason to add the medicine to the list of strictly controlled and those that can be sold only if prescribed. Some countries even prohibited its utilization completely.
Thus, even those patients who get a prescription should be aware of possible side effects and stay alert, control the dose and avoid prolonged utilization.
Adderall is a popular and well-known enhancer of brain activity. This medicine has proven its efficiency. Still, in some cases, the risk of addiction is more serious than the possible benefits.
Therefore, this remedy must be prescribed by a doctor, who will control the intake and select a proper dose according to the condition of the patient.